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Species: Engraulis eurystole, Silver Anchovy

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

top jaw to front edge preoperculum
body elongate, oval
gill rakers 27-43
long gill branch under operculum
A 13-15, origin behind D base



Engraulis eurystole (Swain & Meek, 1884)

Silver Anchovy

Body fusiform, rounded; snout prominent, conical, projecting, sharply pointed; rear of the mouth extends well behind the eye; lower jaw suspended below head; top jaw relatively short, reaching only to front of preopercle, tip blunt; gill filament cluster attached under gill cover is >eye diameter, extends onto rear of operculum; no large canine teeth; membrane between gill covers not expanded at rear, so exposing a vertical bony plate on throat between gill covers; 27-43 lower gill rakers; anal fin base short, 13-15 branched rays, origin well behind base of last dorsal ray.

Blue-green above, silvery on side, sometimes a broad silver stripe (with a dark edge above) along flank.

Size: to 12 cm.

Habitat: marine, coastal pelagic, especially in sheltered areas.

Depth: 0-65 m.

Massachusetts to Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Mid Water
  • Near Surface
  • Surface
  • Water column only
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Phytoplankton
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 12
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 65