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Species: Cetengraulis edentulus, Atlantic Anchoveta

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

top jaw short, not to edge preoperculum
gill rakers > 45
wide, long membrane under operculum
A long base, origin under rear 1/3 D

Cetengraulis edentulus (Cuvier, 1829)

Atlantic Anchoveta

Deep, compressed body; snout conical, projecting, sharply pointed and prominent; rear of the mouth extends well behind the eye; lower jaw suspended below head; upper jaw not reaching angle of mouth, its rear tip bluntly rounded; gill membranes widely joined across isthmus (throat region), almost completely covering it; lower gill rakers fine and numerous (45 or more), none on inner face of top limb of 3rd gill arch; anal fin with long base, 18-24 branched rays, origin under rear 1/3 of base of dorsal fin; pectoral short, not reaching to pelvics.

Dark blue-green above, silvery below; a silver midlateral stripe in smaller fish; fins clear.

Size: reaches about 17 cm.

Habitat: coastal waters and lagoons and brackish estuaries.

Depth: 0-25 m.

The Gulf of Mexico to Brazil.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Mid Water
  • Near Surface
  • Surface
  • Water column only
  • Water column
  • Estuary
  • Mangrove
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Phytoplankton
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 17
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 25