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Species: Anchoviella guianensis, Guiana anchova

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snout projects past lower jaw
top jaw not reaching preoperculum
large scale at pectoral base reaches mid-fin
A 14-18, origin behind body center, under end D

Anchoviella guianensis (Eigenmann, 1912)

Guiana anchova

Body slender, elongate (depth 20-25% of SL), somewhat compressed; snout prominent, conical, projecting, short, a little longer than ~1/2 eye diameter, distinctly projecting beyond lower jaw; rear of the mouth extends well behind the eye; lower jaw suspended below head; upper jaw rear bone bluntly rounded and short, ends1/2-1/3 pupil diameter before edge of preoperculum; lower gill rakers 20-26; gill branch under gill cover small (<eye); anal fin with short base, 14-18 branched rays, its origin behind the center of the body, slightly behind end of dorsal fin base; large scale inside base of pectoral only reaching ½ length of that fin.

Silver side stripe narrow, widening to ~1/2 eye diameter over anal fin.  

Size: to 9 cm.

Predominantly freshwater but also low salinity brackish water.

Depth: 0-50 m.

The mouth of the Orinoco to Brazil.

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  • Brackish
  • Freshwater
  • Non Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Surface
  • Water column only
  • Near Surface
  • Mid Water
  • Estuary
  • Water column
  • Freshwater
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent only
  • Continent
  • GC non-endemic
  • Also in Brazil
  • Extends South of GC
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
  • Not listed
Depth Range Max
  • 50
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Length Max
  • 9