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Species: Anchovia clupeoides, Zabaleta anchova

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top jaw reaches onto preoperculum
A 28-35, origin under D origin

Anchovia clupeoides (Swainson, 1839)

Zabaleta anchova

Fusiform, compressed; snout prominent, conical, projecting; rear of the mouth extends well behind the eye; lower jaw suspended below head; top jaw bone with broad, obliquely angular tip, reaching onto preoperculum; 100 or more fine slender lower gill rakers, none on upper part of 3rd arch; gill membrane not joined across under throat; dorsal fin origin at about midbody; anal fin base long, 28-35 rays, origin under dorsal fin origin.

Top of body blue-green; side silvery, silver stripe along side only in small fish (up to 5 cm); dorsal and tail fins yellow, with dark outer margins.

Reaches 30 cm.

Lives in coastal waters, estuaries and mangrove lagoons, over muddy bottoms; tolerates a wide range of salinities -freshwater to hypersaline lagoons.

Depth: 0-10 m?

The Gulf of Mexico to Brazil.


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Salinity
  • Brackish
  • Hypersaline
  • Freshwater
  • Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Mid Water
  • Surface
  • Near Surface
Habitat
  • Mangrove
  • Water column
  • Freshwater
  • Estuary
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Planktivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Zooplankton
  • Data
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continent
  • Island (s)
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Also in Brazil
  • Extends South of GC
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 30
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 10