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Species: Anchoa mitchilli, Bay Anchovy

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gill branch under gill cover short, not onto gill cover
A 23-30, origin under D origin
anus nearer pelvic than to A

Anchoa mitchilli (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1848)

Bay Anchovy

Body fusiform, moderately compressed; snout prominent, conical, projecting, fairly short (a little >1/2 eye diameter) and blunt; rear of the mouth extends well behind the eye; lower jaw suspended below head; upper jaw pointed, reaching nearly to rear edge of preopercle; membrane between gill covers not expanded at rear; no large canine teeth; 20-26 lower gill-rakers; top limb 3rd gill arch with 6-7 rakers; patch of gill filaments under gill cover short, not extending onto inside of gill cover; anal fin with long base, 23-30 branched rays, origin under front unbranched dorsal fin rays; anus nearer pelvic fin tip than anal fin origin; scale in axil of pectoral fin reaching >1/2 way along that fin.

Translucent grey above; silver stripe on flank narrow (~pupil diameter wide).

Size: 10 cm.

Habitat: marine, pelagic and coastal; from almost freshwater, marine, to hypersaline lagoons.

Depth: 0-36 m?

Maine to the Gulf of Mexico.

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  • Brackish
  • Freshwater
  • Hypersaline
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Mid Water
  • Near Surface
  • Surface
  • Water column only
  • Water column
  • Estuary
  • Freshwater
  • Mangrove
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continental primarily
  • Extends North of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 10
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 36