Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Anchoa lyolepis, Dusky anchovy, Short-finger anchovy

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gill branch under gill cover long, extends onto gill cover
pectoral - 1st ray not filamentous
A 19-24, origin under/past end D base

Anchoa lyolepis (Evermann & Marsh, 1900)

Short-finger anchovy, Dusky anchovy

Elongate, relatively slender; snout prominent, conical, projecting, long (almost = eye) and pointed; rear of the mouth extends well behind the eye; lower jaw suspended below head; upper jaw tip pointed, reaching past front of preopercle, almost to gill opening; membrane between gill covers not expanded at rear; 19-28 lower gill rakers; top limb 3rd gill arch with 6-7 rakers; patch of gill filaments under gill cover long, extending onto gill cover; anal fin with moderate base, 19-24 branched rays, origin under or behind last dorsal ray; pectorals short, not reaching pelvics, without a long filament; anus closer to anal fin origin than to pelvic fin tips.

Dark translucent grey above; silver stripe on flank ~eye diameter wide, sometimes with dark line above; dorsal, anal and tail fins with dark spots along fin rays and around their bases.

Size: 12 cm.

Habitat: marine, pelagic and coastal; especially around beaches and in mangrove-lined lagoons.

Depth: 0-55 m?

New York to Brazil.

Two subspecies are recognized: A. l. lyolepis from Bermuda, the Antilles and Brazilian islands, and  A. l. continentalis from the continental shore.

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  • Marine
  • Brackish
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Near Surface
  • Mid Water
  • Water column only
  • Surface
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Estuary
  • Mangrove
  • Water column
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Island (s)
  • Also in Brazil
  • GC non-endemic
  • Extends North of GC
  • Continent
  • Extends South of GC
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 12
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 55