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Species: Anchoa filifera, Longfinger Anchovy

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gill branch under gill cover long, extends onto gill cover
pectoral - 1st ray filamentous
A 17-21, origin under/behind end D base

Anchoa filifera (Fowler, 1915)

Longfinger Anchovy

Elongate, relatively slender; snout prominent, conical, projecting, long and pointed, only slightly <eye; rear of the mouth extends well behind the eye; lower jaw suspended below head; upper jaw long, tip pointed, reaching almost to edge of opercle; membrane between gill covers not expanded at rear; no large canine teeth; 21-27 lower gill rakers; top limb 3rd gill arch with 6-7 rakers; patch of gill filaments under gill cover long, extending onto gill cover; anal fin with short base, 17-21 rays, origin at or behind level of last dorsal ray; pectorals with a long filament (often broken) that reaches to dorsal fin origin in large fish.

Silver stripe on flank broad (~eye diameter wide), a dark line above; upper part of head and back with numerous irregularly arranged dark dots; lower part of head silver.

Size: 12 cm.

Habitat: marine, pelagic and coastal .

Depth: 0-35 m?

Caribbean to Brazil.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Mid Water
  • Near Surface
  • Surface
  • Water column only
  • Water column
  • Estuary
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Pelagic fish eggs
  • Pelagic fish larvae
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 12
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 35