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Species: Anchoa cubana, Cuban Anchovy

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

snout 3/4 eye
gill branch under gill cover short, not onto gill cover
top jaw reaches beyond preoperculum
scale at pectoral base reaches past center fin
gill rakers 24-30
A 16-21, origin under center D base
anus nearer pelvics than to A

Anchoa cubana (Poey, 1868)

Cuban Anchovy

Elongate, relatively slender; snout prominent, conical, projecting, pointed, ~3/4 eye; rear of the mouth extends well behind the eye; lower jaw suspended below head; upper jaw long, tip bluntly pointed, reaching beyond edge of preopercle; membrane between gill covers not expanded at rear; no large canine teeth; 24-30 lower gill rakers; top limb 3rd gill arch with 6-7 rakers; patch of gill filaments under gill cover short, not extending onto gill cover; anal fin with short base, 16-21 rays, origin under middle of dorsal base; pectorals short, not reaching pelvics; large scale in axil of pectoral fin almost reaches end of that fin; anus nearer pelvic-fin tips than origin of anal fin.

Side of head silvery; back with irregularly scattered dark dots; width of silver stripe on flank ~pupil diameter.

Size: 10 cm.

Habitat: marine, pelagic and coastal.

Depth: 0-60 m.

North Carolina to Brazil.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Mid Water
  • Near Surface
  • Surface
  • Water column only
  • Water column
  • Estuary
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Pelagic fish eggs
  • Pelagic fish larvae
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 10
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 60