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Species: Anchoa choerostoma, Bermuda Anchovy

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gill branch under gill cover short, not onto gill cover
gill rakers 24-27
scale at pectoral base reaches only center fin
A 19-22, origin under center D
anus nearer pelvic tips than to A

Anchoa choerostoma (Goode, 1874)

Bermuda Anchovy

Elongate, relatively slender; snout prominent, conical, projecting, short (3/4 of eye); rear of the mouth extends well behind the eye; lower jaw suspended below head; upper jaw reaches nearly to edge of opercle, tip sharply pointed; membrane between gill covers not expanded at rear; no large canine teeth; 24-27 lower gill rakers; top limb 3rd gill arch: 6-7 rakers; patch of gill filaments under gill cover short, not extending onto underside of gill cover; anal fin with short base, 19-22 branched rays, origin under or behind midpoint of dorsal base; pectorals short, not reaching pelvics; axillary scale of pectoral fin only reaching midpoint of fin; anus opens nearer depressed pelvic tips than anal fin origin.

Width of silver stripe on flank ~3/4 eye diameter.

Size: 12.6 cm.

Habitat: marine, pelagic and coastal.

Depth: 0-10 m?

Endemic to Bermuda.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Mid Water
  • Near Surface
  • Surface
  • Water column only
  • Water column
  • Estuary
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Pelagic fish eggs
  • Pelagic fish larvae
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Bermuda endemic
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s)
  • Island (s) only
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Endangered
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 12.6
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 10