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Species: Anchoa cayorum, Key Anchovy

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gill branch under gill cover short, not onto gill cover
anus nearer to A than to pelvic tips
A 21-26, origin under ~center D

Anchoa cayorum (Fowler, 1906)

Key Anchovy

Elongate, relatively slender; snout prominent, conical, projecting, short (<eye); rear of the mouth extends well behind the eye; lower jaw suspended below head; top jaw long, tip pointed, reaching almost to gill opening; membrane between gill covers not expanded at rear; no large canine teeth; 16-19 lower gill rakers; top limb of 3rd gill arch with 6-7 rakers; patch of gill filaments under gill cover short, not extending onto gill cover; anal fin moderately long, 21-26 branched rays, origin under origin to middle of base of dorsal fin; pectorals short, not reaching pelvics; anus nearer anal fin origin than pelvic fin tips.

Width of silver stripe on flank slightly <eye diameter.

Size: 9 cm.

Habitat: marine, pelagic and coastal.

Depth: 0-10 m?

Bahamas to the Caribbean.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Mid Water
  • Near Surface
  • Surface
  • Water column only
  • Water column
  • Estuary
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Pelagic fish eggs
  • Pelagic fish larvae
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 9
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 10