Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Pellona harroweri, American Coastal Pellona, American Coastal Pellona Herring

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

deep body
D origin before A origin
top jaw - 3 toothed bones
with pelvics

Pellona harroweri (Fowler, 1917)

American Coastal Pellona, American Coastal Pellona Herring

Deep bodied (body depth 35-42% of SL), compressed; eye large; mouth oblique, opens upward, lower jaw strongly projecting; mouth reaches to under center of eye; top jaw with 3 separate toothed bones; jaw teeth minute, usually with a distinct toothless gap in center of top jaw; gill rakers short, thick, 23-25 lower rakers; dorsal fin about midbody; pelvics small, 6 rays, base distinctly before dorsal fin base, without any distinct axillary scale; anal fin long based, 36-42 rays, its origin under rear of base of dorsal fin; a forked tail fin; scales large, easily shed; a keel of sharp scutes (hard, spiny scales) along belly, 17-20 scutes before pelvics, 5-7 after.

Blue-grey above, silvery below; dorsal and anal fins yellow; dorsal fin tip and rear edge of tail fin dark.

Reaches 22.5 cm.

Over muddy bottoms in coastal areas and estuaries.

Depth range: 0-35 m.

Honduras to southern Brazil.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Mid Water
  • Near Surface
  • Surface
  • Water column only
  • Water column
  • Estuary
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 22.5
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 35