Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Lile piquitinga, Atlantic Piquitinga, Atlantic Piquitinga Herring

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top jaw - no central notch
tail base spot
rear edge gill opening - no fleshy lobes
pelvic I, 7
belly - ridge of strongly keeled scutes

Lile piquitinga (Schreiner & Miranda Ribeiro, 1903)

Atlantic Piquitinga, Atlantic Piquitinga Herring

Fusiform, slightly compressed; mouth opens slightly up, oblique, short, top jaws without a central notch; with only 2 toothed bones; well developed bone above front of top jaw bone; no back-pointing spine on top front corner of main top-jaw bone; rear border of gill opening on body evenly rounded, without 2 fleshy lobes on shoulder below opening; operculum without bony crests; pelvic fins on the abdomen, insert under center of dorsal fin base, i, 7; anal fin short base, 13-20, fin well behind dorsal fin; pectoral small, sickle shaped; a forked tail fin; belly with strong keel of scutes (hard bony scales).

Body blue-green above, sides lighter; a strong silver stripe (~3/4 eye diameter wide) along the flank; a dark spot on top of tail base just before tail fin; fins clear.

Size: 15 cm.

Habitat: protected coastal waters over mud bottoms; estuaries, mangrove lagoons, hypersaline lagoons; enters freshwater.

Depth: 0-50 m.

Costa Rica to Brazil.

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  • Brackish
  • Freshwater
  • Hypersaline
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Near Surface
  • Surface
  • Water column only
  • Water column
  • Estuary
  • Freshwater
  • Mangrove
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 15
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 50