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Species: Harengula humeralis, Redear Sardine

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orange spot behind operculum, orange stripes on body
D tip black
tongue: width of 2 tooth plates = 10% combined length

Harengula humeralis (Cuvier, 1829)

Redear Sardine

Body fusiform, moderately compressed; upper and lower body profiles both convex; mouth at front, lower jaw a little projecting; no notch at center front of top jaws; top jaw with 3 toothed bones; tooth plates on and behind tongue narrow (width = 10% of their combined length); rear margin of gill opening with two fleshy lobes; lower gill rakers usually 27-31; operculum smooth without bony striae; dorsal fine slightly before middle of body, no elongate filament; anal fin base short (15-19 rays), origin well behind dorsal fin; pelvics 7 branched rays, insert closer to insertion of pectoral fin base than to origin of anal fin; a forked tail fin; row of 25-29 keeled scutes (bony scales) along belly; scales thin, loose, easily lost.

Irridescent blue-green on back, with faint dark longitudinal lines; silvery on sides; an orange spot behind top corner of operculum; 3-4 narrow orange stripes along body; tips of front dorsal rays dark.

Size: grows to 26.5 cm.

Habitat: marine coastal, pelagic; clear waters around coral reefs over seagrass beds.

Depth: 0-10 m?

Bermuda to Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Near Surface
  • Surface
  • Water column only
  • Water column
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 26.5
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 10