Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

Español  Contact

Species: Alosa alabamae, Alabama shad

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

vague shoulder spot
lower jaw not projecting, top edge not rising steeply within mouth
gill rakers 41-48
no teeth

Alosa alabamae Jordan & Evermann, 1896

Alabama shad

Relatively deep bodied, moderately compressed; upper jaw with a distinct central notch into which the lower jaw fits, lower jaw not projecting when mouth is closed, its top edge not rising steeply within mouth; jaw teeth absent; 41-48 slender lower gill rakers, upper rakers long, folding down over lower ones; gill rakers on rear surface of upper part of 3rd gill arch; dorsal fin at about mid-body; pelvic fins (i, 8) below dorsal fin; anal fin short and well behind dorsal fin base; a forked tail fin; all of centerline of belly with keel of scutes (hard, spiny scales); no scutes before dorsal fin; scales smooth, well attached.

Upper back bluey grey, with dark streaks along scale rows, shading to silver below; a vague dark spot behind gill cover of adults; fins clear.

Reaches 61 cm.

Coastal pelagic, enters freshwater and brackish water to spawn.

Depth range: 0-5 m.

The Gulf of Mexico.


High Resolution Map Download

Species Data Create Report Export as Word File Export as Excel File
Salinity
  • Marine
  • Brackish
  • Freshwater
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Surface
  • Water column only
  • Near Surface
  • Mid Water
Habitat
  • Freshwater
  • Estuary
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Carnivore
  • Planktivore
Diet
  • Bony fishes
  • Phytoplankton
  • Insects
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • Data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent only
  • All species
  • Continent
  • GC endemic
  • Gulf of Mexico endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Data deficient
CITES
  • Not listed
Depth Range Max
  • 5
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Length Max
  • 61