Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Nettastoma melanura, Blackfin Pikeconger, Blackfin Sorcerer, Blackfin Pikeconger Eel

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snout long, narrow, tip not soft
rear nostril over front of eye
2 pr pores between ant nostrils & eyes
vomer: central teeth enlarged
no pectorals
LL 44-49

Nettastoma melanura Rafinesque, 1810

Blackfin Pikeconger, Blackfin Sorcerer, Blackfin Pikeconger Eel

Elongate, cylindrical at front, compressed at rear, with a long slender, pointed tail; head and body 33-40% of TL; a long narrow snout (no fleshy proboscis at its tip); jaws long and pointed, reach back under rear edge of eye; large eye; front nostril tubular, at front of snout, rear nostril opens above front edge of eye; top jaw overhanging; teeth conical, relatively small, in bands, a patch of teeth at front of top jaws, some exposed when mouth is closed; roof of mouth with central patch of teeth on which central teeth are enlarged; no pectoral fins; dorsal fin origin over or behind gill opening; dorsal and anal fins confluent with tail fin; lateral line complete, on head and body; 44-49 pores before anus; 2 pairs of pores on snout between front nostril and eye.

Silvery, edges of median fins black.

Reaches 78 cm.

Lives on soft silt and mud bottoms.

Depth range: 37-1647 m, usually below 300 m.

Florida to French Guiana; also the E Atlantic.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • In & Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Offshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Soft bottom only
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • Transatlantic (East+West Atlantic)
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 78
Depth Range Min
  • 37
Depth Range Max
  • 1647