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Species: Hoplunnis megista, Large pikeconger

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

rear nostril = slit before center eye
large size
vomer teeth: central row large teeth + 1-3 rows small side teeth
between top jaws: oval patch of large teeth
stomach & intestine black
pectorals present
LL 53-57

Hoplunnis megista Smith & Kanazawa, 1989

Large pikeconger

Elongate, cylindrical at front, compressed at rear; head and body 33% of TL: long slender tail; large eye; front nostril tubular, at front of snout, rear nostril a slit in front of center of eye; long narrow snout without a soft tip; jaws long and pointed, with top jaw overhanging; jaw teeth of varying sizes, exposed when mouth is closed; 3 rows of teeth along sides of both top and bottom jaws inner row enlarged on lower jaw; an oval patch of large, outward directed teeth at front between top jaws; roof of mouth  with central tooth patch composed of central row of large teeth and numerous small lateral teeth in 1 row at front, 2-3 rows at rear; NO lateral tooth patches between the central patch and top jaws; pectoral fins present; dorsal fin origin ~over gill opening; dorsal and anal fins confluent with tail fin; lateral line complete on head and body, 53-57 pores before anus.

Preserved fish: brown to grey; stomach black, intestine black; vertical fins edged in black.

Reaches 109.5 cm.

Lives on soft bottoms.

Depth range: 366-421 m.

SW Caribbean.


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Salinity
  • Marine Only
  • Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Offshore
  • Offshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
Habitat
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • No Data
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Pelagic
  • No data
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • GC endemic
  • Caribbean endemic
  • Continent
  • Continent only
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Depth Range Min
  • 366
Depth Range Max
  • 421
Length Max
  • 109.5