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Species: Hoplunnis macrura, Freckled pikeconger

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

snout long, narrow, tip not soft
rear nostril = slit before center eye
side roof of mouth - no teeth
stomach & intestine pale
pectorals present

Hoplunnis macrura Ginsburg, 1951

Freckled pikeconger

Elongate, cylindrical at front, compressed at rear; head and body 22-23% of TL; long slender tail; large eye; front nostril tubular, at front of snout, rear nostril a slit in front of center of eye; a long narrow snout without a soft tip; jaws long and pointed, with top jaw overhanging; jaw teeth of varying sizes, exposed when mouth is closed; 2 rows of teeth along sides of both top and bottom jaws, inner row on lower jaw much larger; 3 not very large teeth in a group at front of top jaws; adults with only 1 central row of large teeth on roof of mouth (juveniles have a few small teeth along each side of the central row ), no teeth on sides of roof of mouth; pectoral fins present; dorsal fin origin in front of or behind gill opening; dorsal and anal fins confluent with tail fin; lateral line complete on head and body, 32-37 lateral line pores before anus.

Silver, freckled with small dark spots above the lateral line; stomach and intestine pale; vertical fins edged in black; inside gill chamber black.

Reaches 54.2 cm.

Lives on soft silt and mud bottoms.

Depth range: 20-310 m.

Florida to French Guiana.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
Habitat
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
Feeding Group
  • No Data
  • Carnivore
Diet
  • No Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Data
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • GC non-endemic
  • Continent only
  • Also in Brazil
  • Extends South of GC
  • Continent
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max (cm)
  • 54.2
Depth Range Min (m)
  • 20
Depth Range Max (m)
  • 310