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Species: Hoplunnis diomediana, Blacktail pikeconger

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rear nostril = slit before center eye
vomer: central row 6-7 large teeth, few small teeth on sides
between top jaws: semicircle 6-7 large teeth
stomach black, intestine pale
pectorals present
LL 33-38

Hoplunnis diomediana Goode & Bean, 1896

Blacktail pikeconger

Elongate, cylindrical at front, compressed at rear; head and body 23-25% of TL: long slender tail; large eye; front nostril tubular, at front of snout, rear nostril a slit in front of center of eye; long narrow snout without a soft tip;  jaws long and pointed, with top jaw overhanging; jaw teeth of varying sizes, exposed when mouth is closed; 3 rows of teeth along sides of both top and bottom jaws inner row enlarged on lower jaw; a semicircle of 6-7 large, outward directed teeth at front of top jaws; roof of mouth with center row of 6-8 large teeth and a few scattered small teeth along the front of each side; pectoral fins present; dorsal fin origin in front of or behind gill opening; dorsal and anal fins confluent with tail fin; lateral line complete on head and body, 33-38 pores before anus.

Silver, with scattered small dark spots above the lateral line; stomach black, intestine pale; vertical fins edged in black at rear; inside gill chamber black.

Reaches 54.3 cm.

Lives on soft bottoms.

Depth range: 33-453 m.

Gulf of Mexico to N Carolina.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
Habitat
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • GC endemic
  • Extends North of GC
  • Continent
  • Continent only
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 54.3
Depth Range Min
  • 33
Depth Range Max
  • 453