Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Pseudophichthys splendens, Purplemouth Conger, Splendid Conger

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

snout swollen, projecting
nape - no pores
rear nostril - before mid-eye
D origin behind pectoral
tail tip soft & flexible
top lip no flange
jaw teeth - broad bands
center top jaws - wide tooth patch joins broad patch center roof mouth



Pseudophichthys splendens (Lea, 1913)

Purplemouth Conger, Splendid Conger

Body moderately elongate; head and trunk <40% of TL; snout swollen, distinctly projecting; no pores on nape; front nostril tubular, near tip of snout, points down and to side; rear nostril an elliptical hole in front of mid-eye; mouth small, ends under ~front edge of eye; top lip without flange; teeth small, conical; top jaw teeth in broad heart-shaped patches; a patch of several rows of teeth between top jaws joins long elliptical patch on center of roof of mouth; lower jaw teeth in broad bands; dorsal fin origin a little behind tip of pressed down pectoral fin; pectoral fin small, narrow based, origin above gill opening; dorsal and anal fins continuous with the tail fin at tip soft and flexible tip of tail; a complete lateral line.

Preserved fish grey; abdomen and inside mouth and gill area black; stomach black, intestines pale.

Reaches 40 cm.

Lives on flat soft bottoms.

Depth range: 37-1647 m.

E & W Atlantic; S Carolina to the Guianas.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 40
Depth Range Min
  • 37
Depth Range Max
  • 1647