Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Japonoconger caribbeus, Caribbean conger

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

tail >60% TL, tip soft, flexible
rear nostril eliptical, before eye
D origin before gill slit
black fins & gill chamber
lip flanges - lower only, narrow
teeth: bands on jaws, between top jaws isolated patch
vomer teeth: broad, long patch
pectoral large, base ends above gill opening

Japonoconger caribbaeus Smith & Kanazawa, 1977

Caribbean conger

 Body moderately elongate; head and trunk 33-39 % of TL; snout projects beyond lower jaw and beyond front teeth of top jaws; front nostril tubular, near tip of snout, pointing forward and down; rear nostril elliptical, in front of mid-eye; narrow flange on side of lower lip, no flange on top lip; jaws broad, curved at rear; teeth small, conical, in bands on jaws; patch of teeth on center of roof of mouth wide, long, >½ length of band on side of top jaw; tooth patch at front of top jaws round, separated by a distinct gap from bands on sides of jaws & on vomer; tail not attenuated, tip soft and flexible; dorsal fin origin before base of pectoral fin; dorsal and anal fin rays segmented; pectoral fin well developed, its base ending above top of gill opening; pores on top rear of head: 0-2 behind eye, 5-8 above eye, 5 (4-7) at rear top of head; 33-39 lateral line pores before anus.

Color: uniform mid-grey; fins edged with black

Reaches 50 cm.

Lives on soft bottoms

Depth range 396-576 m

The southern Caribbean.

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  • Hypersaline
  • Marine Only
  • Offshore
  • Offshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Data
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • Data
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • All species.
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Caribbean endemic
  • All species..
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • GC endemic
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 50
Depth Range Min
  • 396
Depth Range Max
  • 576