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Species: Heteroconger longissimus, Brown Garden Eel

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extremely elongate
front 2/3 brown + small pale spots, rear 1/3 yello

Heteroconger longissimus Gunther, 1870

Brown Garden Eel

Body very elongate, compressed; tail much longer than head and trunk; head short, snout very short (< eye); mouth very short (not reaching rear of eye), oblique, lower jaw only a little projecting; teeth in broad bands an jaw and roof of mouth; top lip flanges continuous across front of snout and enclosing front (tubular) nostrils; rear nostril a hole before eye; pectoral fins tiny (much smaller than eye) skin flaps; tip of tail stiff, with obvious but small tail fin; dorsal and anal fins continuous with the tail fin; 158-168 vertebrae; numerous pores on lateral line.

Front 2/3 of head and body dark brown, flecked with numerous small pale spots, grading to yellow at rear; belly and throat white, iris brown upper half, white lower half; dorsal fin white.

Reaches 51 cm.

Lives in burrows on sandy bottoms.

Depth range: 10-60 m.

E and W Atlantic; Bermuda toBrazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Water column
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • Transatlantic (East+West Atlantic)
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 51
Depth Range Min
  • 10
Depth Range Max
  • 60