Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Conger esculentus, Grey Conger

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

no pores behind eyes, 1 pore top of nape
jaw teeth: 1-2 rows, outer row - > cutting edge
both lips with flanges, top flange wide
LL pores before anus 32-36

Conger esculentus Poey, 1861

Grey Conger

Body and tail moderately slender; rear nostril a hole at or above mid-eye level; mouth horizontal; snout slightly projecting; teeth small, pointed; a round patch at top front of mouth, barely separated from a short triangular patch on roof of mouth; jaw teeth in 1-2 rows, outer row forming a cutting edge, inner row not separated from outer row by a toothless gap, teeth concealed when mouth is closed; both top and bottom lips with a flange, wide on top lip; pectoral fins present; dorsal fin begins behind base of pectoral, usually over tip of fin; tail 59-61% of TL, neither blunt nor thin, tip flexible; dorsal and anal fins continuous with the tail fin; no pores behind eyes, one pore atop nape; lateral line pores before anus 32-36.

Preserved fish grey brown; vertical fins with dark edges.

Reaches 160 cm.

Lives on hard bottoms.

Depth range: 100-900 m.

Bermuda to Venezuela, also in Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • Island (s) only
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 160
Depth Range Min
  • 100
Depth Range Max
  • 900