Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Ariosoma selenops, Mooneye Conger

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

2 pr pores above eyes, 0 between eyes, 2 pair behind eyes, 0 on nape
gill opening length > space between gills
LL 51-59 pores before anus

Ariosoma selenops Reid, 1934

Mooneye Conger

Body stout; tail 53-59% of TL; 2 pairs of pores above eyes, none between eyes, 2 behind each eye, none on nape;

snout round, projecting a little, its length ~equal to large eye; front nostril tubular, forward pointing near tip of snout; rear nostril a small oval hole in front of and a little below middle of eye; both lips with well developed flanges; jaw teeth small, pointed, in bands; teeth at top front of mouth in a patch about as long as broad, indistinctly separated from narrow top jaw tooth band; patch of teeth on roof of mouth reaches back to level of middle of top jaw band; gill opening longer than space between lower edges of gills; upper edge of gill opening at middle of pectoral fin base; dorsal fin begins over ~pectoral fin base; dorsal and anal fins continuous with the tail fin; tip of tail blunt, stiff, with reduced tail fin; lateral line pores before anus 51-59.

Brown; margins of vertical fins dark; sometimes a dark bar under eye.

Reaches 58 cm.

Sandy bottoms on the continental slope

Depth range: 220-549 m.

Nova Scotia to Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore Only
  • Offshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Near Bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Water column
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 58
Depth Range Min
  • 220
Depth Range Max
  • 549