Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Ariosoma balearicum, Bandtooth Conger

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3 pr pores above eyes, 2 between eyes, 3 pair behind eyes, 3 on nape
gill opening length < space between gills
LL 46-52 pores before anus

Ariosoma balearicum (Delaroche, 1809)

Bandtooth Conger

Body stout; tail 48-51% of TL; 6 pores above eyes, 2 between eyes, 3 behind each eye and 3 on nape; snout round, projecting a little, its length ~equal to large eye; front nostril tubular, forward pointing near tip of snout; rear nostril a small oval hole in front of and a little below middle of eye; both lips with well developed flanges; jaw teeth small, pointed, in bands; teeth at top front of mouth in a patch about as long as broad, indistinctly separated from narrow top jaw tooth band; patch of teeth on roof of mouth reaches back to level of middle of top jaw band; length of gill opening < distance between gill openings under throat; upper edge of gill opening at middle of pectoral fin base; dorsal fin begins over ~gill opening; dorsal and anal fins continuous with the tail fin; tip of tail blunt, stiff, with reduced tail fin; lateral line pores before anus 46-52.

Brown, lower half of flank with silvery to golden reflections; an orange crescent on top of iris; pectoral fin red; margins of vertical fins black.

Reaches 33.6 cm.

Most common on sandy bottoms on the continental shelf.

Depth range: 1-857 m, usually < 100 m.

E & W Atlantic, the Mediterranean, Red Sea and Indian Ocean; N Carolina to Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • Transatlantic (East+West Atlantic)
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continental primarily
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 33.6
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 857