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Species: Myrophis platyrhynchus, Broadnose worm eel

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2 pores behind eye
D origin midway between gill opening & anus

Myrophis platyrhynchus Breder, 1927

Broadnose worm eel

Moderately elongate, compressed; head and trunk < tail; snout blunt, broadly depressed, without groove on underside; eye large, its size affected by sexual development, its rear edge over end of mouth; 2 pores behind eye, 1 behind upper ½ of eye, 1 behind mid-eye, front nostril tubular, rear nostril under a flap, opening into mouth; lips without barbells; gill opening small; on underside; teeth small, conical, curved back, an outer ring of 9-10 teeth + several in center at front between top jaws, those continuous with 14-18 teeth (mostly in 1 row) on central roof of mouth; top jaw with 19-31 teeth in outer row, 11-14 larger spaced teeth on inner row; lower jaw with several large teeth at front, outer row of 23-36 teeth and short inner row of 6-10 larger teeth at front; dorsal fin origin about midway between snout tip and anus; pectoral fin well developed, broad based; dorsal and anal fins confluent with tail fin;  lateral line pores visible on head and trunk only, only a few behind anus, lines of each side of head connected by 2 canals with across top of head.

Color uniform pale tan, speckled with widely spaced black spots on upper head and body, and on all of tail.

Reaches 20.8 cm.

Lives on soft bottoms.

Depth range: 0-220 m, usually at < 10 m.

Bermuda to Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species.
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • GC non-endemic
  • Continent
  • Island (s)
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continental primarily
  • Extends South of GC
  • All species..
  • Also in Brazil
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 20.8
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 220