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Species: Echiophis intertinctus, Spotted spoon-nose eel

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3 rows large spots
D origin behind pectoral by < pectoral
preopercular pores not in dark spots

Echiophis intertinctus (Richardson, 1848)

Spotted spoon-nose eel

Body stout, cylindrical; tail 52-57% of TL; snout short, conical; eye moderate, far forward and near top of head profile; front nostril tubular, rear nostril a short tube before and under eye; mouth long, jaws nearly equal; teeth strong, pointed, in double series, largest at and near front, those on roof of mouth large, nearly continuous with those at front between top jaws; lips without barbels; gill opening vertical, on side, elongate; dorsal fin origin behind pectoral tips by < pectoral length; tail tip blunt; pectoral large, rounded; lateral line complete, lines of each side of head connected by 2 canals with across top of head; 2 inconspicuous pores low on preoperculum behind mouth.

Body cream, a faint yellow stripe along bases of dorsal and anal fins; body on and above lateral line with 3 irregular rows of large brown spots, most larger than eye; smaller spots on rear of head and front of body; dark spots mark jaw pores, but not the 2 preopercular pores behind the mouth; dorsal fin with pale base, diffuse spots and a broken dark margin; pectoral dark except at base; anal fin pale, with a prominent black margin

Reaches 124 cm.

Soft bottoms.

Depth range: 0-64 .

N Carolina to Brazil.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore Only
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
Habitat
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • Data
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • GC non-endemic
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Extends North of GC
  • Continental primarily
  • Extends South of GC
  • Island (s)
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 124
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 64