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Species: Muraena retifera, Reticulate Moray

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both nostrils tubular, similar size
brown, body & fins - large pale rosettes + bright
gill opening in black patch

Muraena retifera Goode & Bean, 1882

Reticulate Moray

Body elongate; anus at or before mid-body; snout moderate, more or less conical; jaws not arched, mouth completely closable; both nostrils tubular, about same size, rear one over front edge of eye; jaw teeth smooth, large, slender, in single row on each jaw, 3 in center top front of mouth, usually 1 row on roof of mouth; dorsal origin on head, before gill opening; gill opening a small slit on mid- side.

Dark grey-brown, head, body and fins with a network pattern of pale spots or rosettes peppered with small white spots; gill opening in a black blotch.

Reaches 90 cm.

Mainly on mud, sand and rocky bottoms.

Depth range: 20-169 m.

N Carolina to Uruguay.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Mud
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 90
Depth Range Min
  • 20
Depth Range Max
  • 169