Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Monopenchelys acuta, Redface Moray, Redface Eel

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red-brown, orange-red head, yellow tail tip
D origin over/slightly behind anus



Monopenchelys acuta (Parr, 1930)

Redface Moray, Redface Eel

Body slender, elongate; head and trunk 42-47% of TL; snout elongate, broad, conical; eye moderate, over center of mouth; front nostril tubular, rear nostril a small round opening just above front edge of eye; teeth conical, slender, depressible, 2 rows on both jaws, 1 row on roof of mouth; front of top jaws with a central row of ~3 large teeth between the 2 pairs of outer rows; lower jaw with inner row of large teeth only at front; dorsal fin origin slightly behind anus; anal fin origin just behind anus; gill opening a small slit just below mid-side; 1 pore above gill area, 6 along lower jaw, last one at end of mouth.

Reddish brown body; orange-red head; iris yellow; tail tip yellow.

Reaches 21 cm.


Depth range: 10-81 m.

Trans-Atlantic and Indo-central Pacific; the Gulf of Mexico to the Caribbean.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
  • Corals
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • Data
  • No pelagic phase
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans)
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • GC non-endemic
  • Insular primarily
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 21
Depth Range Min
  • 10
Depth Range Max
  • 81