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Species: Gymnothorax hubbsi, Lichen Moray

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snout blunt, jaws short
brown + pale irregular network of lines
top jaw 4 pores
teeth triangular, serrated, no canines

Gymnothorax hubbsi Bohlke & Bohlke, 1977

Lichen Moray

Body elongate, compressed at rear; head and trunk shorter than to slightly >1/2 TL; tail tapering; snout moderate and blunt; mouth short; eye over middle of mouth; front nostril a simple tube; rear nostril a hole, at level of profile of head; lower jaw straight, mouth closes completely; teeth large, triangular, compressed; serrated on rear edge and usually at the front; top front of mouth with 2 rows of 5-6 large teeth, then 8-15 main jaw teeth, sometimes with an inner row of 2-3 long, slender depressible teeth, 1 (0-2) large fangs at front of mouth behind the outer series of teeth; back of roof of mouth with 8-19 teeth, in 1-2 rows at front; lower jaw with 13-18 large outer teeth and 1-9 tiny teeth inside those at front ; gill opening round; dorsal and anal fins covered with skin, but evident; dorsal origin on head, before gill opening; 4 pores along top jaw.

Brown, with a pattern of clusters of pale branching lines that tend to be arranged in vertical rows on body; pale lines on head smaller, more irregular and denser; fins as body, but with pale outer edges.

Reaches 34 cm.

Lives on unconsolidated bottoms.

Depth range: 59-183 m.

N Carolina to Colombia.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
  • Mud
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends North of GC
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 34
Depth Range Min
  • 59
Depth Range Max
  • 183