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Species: Gymnothorax funebris, Green Moray

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snout & jaws elongate
uniform dark green
teeth slender, some canines
roof mouth - 2 rows teeth

Gymnothorax funebris Ranzani, 1839

Green Moray

Body elongate, compressed at rear; tail tapering; head and trunk shorter than to slightly >1/2 TL; snout elongate and pointed, narrowing sharply from a bulbous nape; eye slightly before middle of mouth; front nostril a simple tube; rear nostril a hole at level of profile of head, a teardrop with a raised rim in large fish; lower jaw straight, mouth closes completely; teeth strong, smooth, long canines at front of jaws; 2 rows of 5-6 depressible teeth at front of top jaws, with a row of 3 large fangs, the last the largest, in between; top jaw with teeth in 1 row of 10-18 triangular teeth, plus an inner row at front of 1-3 long slender teeth; roof of mouth with 2 rows of small teeth, well behind the central fangs; lower jaw with 1-4 long, slender teeth at front, and 11-20 triangular teeth behind; gill opening round to a slit; dorsal and anal fins covered with skin, but evident; dorsal origin on head, before gill opening.

Uniform dark green to brown; dorsal and anal fins dusky to pale; head pores, gill opening and anus may be darker than rest of fish. Small juveniles are uniformly dark, without a whie lower jaw.

Reaches 189 cm.

Mainly on reefs, occasionally in mangroves and brackish conditions.

Depth range: 0-286 m.

Bermuda to Brazil; also in the E Atlantic.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Rocks
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Corals
  • Estuary
  • Mangrove
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • Transatlantic (East+West Atlantic)
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 189
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 286