Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Enchelycore anatina, Fangtooth moray

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rear nostril not elongate, above front edge of eye
head yellow; body brown + pale mottling
jaws long, arched, meet only at tips
long fangs
10-14 inner lower jaw teeth

Enchelycore anatina (Lowe, 1838)

Fangtooth moray

Body stout; head and trunk 40-45% of TL; head slender; snout long and narrow; eye large, at about middle of mouth; front nostril a simple tube, rear nostril a small oval hole above front edge of eye; jaws slender, narrow, strongly arched and meeting only at tips, lower jaw projects a little; top jaws with inner row of widely separated long fangs and an outer row of shorter teeth along length of jaws, between front jaws with 2 rows of 15 large fangs separated by a row of 3-5 depressible fangs, surrounded by an outer row of smaller teeth; rear of roof of mouth with a single row of very small, hard to find teeth; lower jaw with inner row of 10-14 large teeth and outer row of small teeth along its length; dorsal and anal fins very evident, dorsal origin over or a little behind gill opening.

Color very variable: head yellow to pale yellowish-grey with a network of small irregular brown blotches at rear; body varies from pale greyish, overlaid by a network of thick irregular brown bars to dark brown with yellowish rings, small spots and wiggly lines; iris yellow.

Reaches 120 cm.

Depth range: 0-60 m; usually deeper than 50 m.

Reefs.

Trans-Atlantic; Bermuda to Brazil.


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Salinity
  • Marine Only
  • Marine
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
Habitat
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef only
  • Rocks
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • No data
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • Transatlantic (East+West Atlantic)
Regional Endemism
  • Extends South of GC
  • Island (s)
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Also in Brazil
  • GC non-endemic
Residency
  • Vagrant
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 120
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 60