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Species: Lepisosteus osseus, Longnose gar

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snout 79-83% head length, very narrow
top head +/- small round blotches
WITH small bony plates under throat

Lepisosteus osseus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Longnose gar

Elongate; a long conical snout, snout very elongate (79-83% of upper head length), very narrow; nostrils at front of snout; one row large teeth on each jaw (2 in young), smaller teeth on side of roof of mouth; gill rakers small and pear shaped; 14-31 on first gill arch; fleshy isthmus of body separating gill openings under throat with small bony ossicles; pectoral low on flank; pelvics at about middle of belly; single dorsal fin and anal fin at rear just before tail; fins without spines, with large scales around their bases; vertebral column continues upwards in a fleshy ridge at base of tail fin; body covered with an armor of large, heavy, rhomboidal scales that are attached diagonally to each other by peg-and-socket; top edge of tail fin covered with bony scales

Body darker grey above, lighter below; head usually without blotches, small and rounded if present; median fins and rear half of body with dark blotches.

Reaches over 160 cm; current IGFA record 22.7 kg.

Depth 0-10 m.

Mainly in freshwater; adults frequently in brackish and inshore marine areas.

New Jersey to S Texas.


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Salinity
  • Freshwater
  • Marine
  • Brackish
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Near Bottom
  • Surface
  • Near Surface
  • Mid Water
Habitat
  • Water column
  • Freshwater
  • Estuary
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Benthic
  • Data
  • No pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent only
  • Continent
  • GC non-endemic
  • Extends North of GC
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 160
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 10