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Species: Urobatis jamaicensis, Yellow Stingray

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densely spotted
tail < disc

Urobatis jamaicensis (Cuvier, 1816)

Yellow Stingray

Rays with an oval or almost circular disc; pectorals completely continuous with sides of head; snout rounded; eyes and spiracle on top of head, nostrils (with a curtain between them an mouth), mouth and gill slits on underside; floor of mouth with fleshy papillae; jaw teeth are small, numerous, in bands; tail slender, tapering, its length < length of disc, with a large venomous spine; tail fin with dorsal and ventral fin lobes joined around end of tail, top lobe relatively high (height ~1/4 length); no dorsal fin; skin on upper surface smooth.

Upper surface tan to brown, with numerous gold, green and white spots and mottling, often in a weblike or worm-line pattern; underside yellowish, greenish, or brownish white; tail with dark spots.

Reaches 70 cm TL.

Lives on sand, mud, seagrass and coral bottoms and in bays and estuaries.

Depth range 1-160 m, usually nearshore.

From North Carolina to northern South America.

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  • Brackish
  • Hypersaline
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Beach
  • Corals
  • Estuary
  • Mangrove
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Live birth
  • No pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends North of GC
  • GC endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 70
Depth Range Min
  • 1
Depth Range Max
  • 160