Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Myliobatis freminvillei, Bullnose Ray, Bullnose Eagle Ray

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

length D base ~distance between exposed nostrils
D origin just behind rear edge of pelvic
distance between 5th gill slits ~distance between nostrils

Myliobatis freminvillei Lesueur, 1824

Bullnose Ray, Bullnose Eagle Ray

Disc rhomboidal, wider than long; pectorals bluntly pointed, concave at rear, continue onto rostrum; head broad, short, projecting well before disc, snout relatively elongate; eyes and spiracles on side of head; mouth with fleshy papillae on its floor; teeth in flat, pavement-like plates, with 7 series of plates, central row is largest; distance between 5th gill slits ~equal to distance between inner edges of nostrils; tail slender, about as long as disc, no tail fin; 1-2 large spines at base, after small dorsal fin; length of base of dorsal fin ~ distance between exposed nostrils; origin of dorsal fin just behind rear tip of pelvic fin.

Upper surface grey, redbrown or dark brown, with diffuse white spots that are usually smaller than the eye; lower surface white; rear of tail black; teeth green.

Reaches 106 cm disc width; size at birth is 25 cm.

Bottom living on shallow inshore waters, mainly in estuaries.

Depth range: 0-100 m.

The central US to Uruguay.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Mid Water
  • Near Bottom
  • Near Surface
  • Sand & gravel
  • Water column
  • Beach
  • Estuary
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Bentho-Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Sessile crustacea
  • Sessile molluscs
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Live birth
  • No pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
IUCN Red List
  • Data deficient
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 106
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 100