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Species: Hypanus sabinus, Atlantic Stingray

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disc edges round
snout pointed, length > length between spiracles
1/3 of pelvics project past disc

Hypanus sabinus (Lesueur, 1824)

Atlantic Stingray

Disc rhomboidal, about as wide as long, angular at front, outer corners broadly rounded; snout pointed, length greater than distance between spiracles; sides of snout concave; nostrils with a large fringed curtain between them and the mouth; floor of the mouth has fleshy papillae; teeth with low oval or angular crowns; tail long and slender, ending in a point; tail base broad, depressed; pelvic fins project beyond rear margin of the disc by ~1/3 their length; 1 large, serrated, venomous spine on top of tail; no tail fin or dorsal fins, but tail with small dorsal keel behind the spine and a ventral fleshy ridge, height of the ventral ridge ~same as the height of the tail above it; a single row of tubercles along the midline of the back from the nape to the tail spine; denticles on head between eyes and spiracles; no thorns or tubercles on sides of tail.

Upper surface brown to yellowish brown, sometimes with a dark line along the back; lower surface white, sometimes with dark margins.

Reaches ~45 cm disc width.

Benthic on sandy bottoms, enters freshwater.

Depth range: 0-25 m.

Chesapeake Bay to the Gulf of Mexico.

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  • Brackish
  • Freshwater
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom only
  • Beach
  • Estuary
  • Freshwater
  • Mangrove
  • Mud
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Sessile worms
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Live birth
  • No pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continental primarily
  • Extends North of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 45
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 25