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Species: Hypanus guttatus, Longnose stingray

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disc angular
snout projecting, sides concave
center back - broad band of small tubercles + row

Hypanus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Longnose stingray

Disc rhomboidal, 1.1 times as wide as long, angular at front, outer and rear corners abruptly rounded at a 90 degree angle; snout moderately protruding and relatively long, its length 23-26% of disc width, its angle 105-115 degrees, its sides concave to level of spiracles; nostrils with a large fringed curtain between them and the mouth; floor of the mouth has fleshy papillae; teeth with low oval or angular crowns; tail long and slender, ending in a point; tail base broad, depressed; 1 large, serrated, venomous spine on top of tail; no tail fin or dorsal fins, but tail with small dorsal keel behind the spine and a ventral fleshy ridge, height of the ventral ridge 33-80% of the height of the tail above it; a broad band of small flattened tubercles on center of back from between eyes to the tail base; a row of blunt thorns along mid-back from behind eyes to tail spine.

Upper surface grey, brown or olive, sometimes with dark spots; ridge on back, and dorsal and ventral tail folds are black; lower surface white to yellowish.

Reaches 200 cm disc width.

Benthic on sandy bottoms, rarely on mud.

Depth range: 0-229 m.

The Gulf of Mexico to Brazil.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Brackish
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
Habitat
  • Soft bottom only
  • Estuary
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Carnivore
Diet
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Sessile worms
  • Sea-stars/cucumbers/urchins
Egg Type
  • No data
  • No pelagic larva
  • Live birth
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • GC non-endemic
  • Extends South of GC
  • Island (s)
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Data deficient
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 200
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 229