Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Hypanus americanus, Southern stingray

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disc angular
snout angular, not projecting
top back thorns- 1 long center row + 2 short side
tail: sides - no tubercles, height of ventral fold ~tail depth

Hypanus americanus Hildebrand & Schroeder, 1928

Southern stingray

Disc rhomboidal, about as wide as long, angular at front, outer edge abruptly angular; snout angular but not protruding beyond front margin of disc, its angle ~135 degrees, its length < distance between eyes; nostrils with a large fringed curtain between them and the mouth; floor of the mouth has fleshy papillae;  teeth with low oval or angular crowns; tail long and slender, ending in a point; tail base broad, depressed; 1 large, serrated, venomous spine on top of tail; no tail fin or dorsal fins, but tail with low dorsal keel behind the spine and a ventral fleshy ridge behind level of spine, height of the ventral ridge ~same as the height of the tail above it; tubercles in a single row along the midline of the back from the nape to the tail base, & a short row on each shoulder; a central band of denticles from behind eyes to base of tail; no thorns or tubercles on sides of tail.

Upper surface grey, light brown or olive; pale spot on midline of snout before eyes; lower surface white, with grey to brown margins.

Reaches 150 cm disc width.

Benthic on sandy bottoms, rarely on mud.

Depth range: 0-240 m.

Western Atlantic; New Jersey to Brazil.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Brackish
  • Freshwater
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
Habitat
  • Estuary
  • Freshwater
  • Soft bottom only
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Beach
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Sessile worms
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Mobile benthic worms
Egg Type
  • No pelagic larva
  • Data
  • Live birth
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Also in Brazil
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Continent
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Data deficient
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 150
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 240