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Species: Pseudobatos percellens, Chola guitarfish

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snout tip not expanded, any tubercles round & flat
scattered eye-size white spots
nostril length <1.2x distance between nostrils & ~50% mouth width

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Pseudobatos percellens (Walbaum, 1792)

Chola guitarfish

Body and tail shark-like; snout long, pointed, with 2 central cartilaginous ridges, producing an elongate triangular disc; disc longer than wide; snout tip not flattened and expanded, tubercles absent or round or flat; a large spiracle immediately behind each eye; gill openings on underside; nostrils large, nostril length <1.2X of distance between nostrils, and equal to or slightly >1/2 mouth width; 2 equal-sized dorsal fins, the first behind the pelvics; one row of thorns along back; well developed tail fin that lacks a lower lobe.

Upper surface olive grey to brown or red, occasionally with darker blotches and cream eye-sized spots; lower surface yellowish.

Reaches 100 cm.

Lives in sandy areas, beaches and estuaries.

Depth: 0-110 m.

Mexico to Argentina.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom only
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Beach
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • No Data
Diet
  • Mobile benthic worms
  • Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
Egg Type
  • Live birth
  • No pelagic larva
  • No pelagic phase
  • Data
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Extends South of GC
  • Also in Brazil
  • GC non-endemic
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Island (s)
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Near threatened
  • Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 100
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 110