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Species: Mobula tarapacana, Chilean devil ray, Sicklefin devil ray

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

head: narrow, long neck
horns short
wings strongly curved
back with central ridge
tail short, scaly, no spine
mouth under snout
spiracle = elongate slit above pectoral base, with keel above
underneath: front white, rear abruptly grey
>3m

Mobula tarapacana (Philippi, 1892)

Chilean devil ray, Sicklefin devil ray

Head projecting, relatively narrow, neck long; front edge of snout between horns strongly concave; large triangular "wings" (pectoral fin flaps) that are strongly curved backwards; head horns relatively short (width 60% of length); back with a central ridge; spiracle an elongate longitudinal slit above base of pectoral, with a ridge above it; mouth on underside of head; teeth on both jaws, relatively large and in mosaic pattern, spread across ~70% of mouth width, 94-135 upper rows, 107-153 lower rows, teeth ~hexagonal, with pitted tips and comblike rear edge; filter plates of gills fused along their length, with broadly rounded end lobes; tail relatively short (<1/2 disc width), scaly, without spine; body densely covered with minute thick, needle-like denticles.

Back brown to olivaceous green; dorsal fin dark; underside of head & area back to1st gill cover grey; underside white at front and abruptly grey at rear.

Grows to a disc width of at least 340 cm and a weight of 400 kg.

Habitat: pelagic coastal waters.

Depth: 0-1896 m.

Circumtropical; the Gulf of Mexico and Venezuela.

    


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Offshore
  • Offshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Surface
  • Water column only
  • Near Surface
Habitat
  • Water column
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Planktivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Pelagic fish eggs
  • Data
  • Pelagic crustacea
  • Bony fishes
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • No pelagic phase
  • No pelagic larva
  • Live birth
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • Transisthmian (East Pacific + Atlantic of Central America)
  • Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans)
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • GC non-endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Data deficient
CITES
  • Listed
  • Appendix II
Length Max
  • 340
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 1896