Species: Mobula tarapacana, Chilean devil ray, Sicklefin devil ray
Mobula tarapacana (Philippi, 1892)
Chilean devil ray, Sicklefin devil ray
Head projecting, relatively narrow, neck long; front edge of snout between horns strongly concave; large triangular "wings" (pectoral fin flaps) that are strongly curved backwards; head horns relatively short (width 60% of length); back with a central ridge; spiracle an elongate longitudinal slit above base of pectoral, with a ridge above it; mouth on underside of head; teeth on both jaws, relatively large and in mosaic pattern, spread across ~70% of mouth width, 94-135 upper rows, 107-153 lower rows, teeth ~hexagonal, with pitted tips and comblike rear edge; filter plates of gills fused along their length, with broadly rounded end lobes; tail relatively short (<1/2 disc width), scaly, without spine; body densely covered with minute thick, needle-like denticles.
Back brown to olivaceous green; dorsal fin dark; underside of head & area back to1st gill cover grey; underside white at front and abruptly grey at rear.
Grows to a disc width of at least 340 cm and a weight of 400 kg.
Habitat: pelagic coastal waters.
Depth: 0-1896 m.
Circumtropical; the Gulf of Mexico and Venezuela.
High Resolution Map Download
- Marine Only
- Offshore Only
- Water Column Position
- Water column only
- Near Surface
- Water column
- Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
- FishBase Habitat
- Feeding Group
- Pelagic fish eggs
- Pelagic crustacea
- Bony fishes
- Egg Type
- No pelagic phase
- No pelagic larva
- Live birth
- Global Endemism
- Greater Caribbean non-endemic
- Transisthmian (East Pacific + Atlantic of Central America)
- Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans)
- Regional Endemism
- Continent only
- GC non-endemic
- Climate Zone
- Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
- Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
- IUCN Red List
- Data deficient
- Appendix II
- Length Max
- Depth Range Min
- Depth Range Max