Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

Español  Contact

Species: Echinorhinus brucus, Bramble Shark, Prickly Shark

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

cylindrical, robust, with scattered large thorns
fins short, blunt
2 similar Ds, near C
C very asymmetric
pelvics large
no A



Echinorhinus brucus (Bonnaterre, 1788)

Bramble Shark, Prickly Shark

Body robust, cylindrical; head depressed; spiracles small, well behind eyes; teeth similar on both jaws, compressed and plate-like, each with 1 large point, adults with 3 additional small points; 5 gill slits, last distinctly longer than the rest; all before pectoral; both dorsal fins small, at rear of body, first originates behind origin of pelvic fin; pelvics large, at rear of body; no anal fin; tail fin strongly asymmetrical, lower lobe poorly developed, without notch under top tip; body covered with very large (>1 cm), sparse, scattered thorn-like denticles that have smooth bases, some fused into compound plates; young with close-set small denticles below snout and around mouth.

Blackish to greyish brown above and below; may have red or brown blotches on back and sides; fin edges blackish; thorns whitish.

Size: 310 cm.

Habitat: rocky and soft bottoms

Depth: 10-900 m, usually below 80 m.

Both sides of the Atlantic; the Mediterranean, the Indo-W Pacific; North Carolina, the Gulf of Mexico to Venezuela, Brazil

High Resolution Map Download

Species Data Create Report Export as Word File Export as Excel File
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Near Bottom
  • Rocks
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Water column
  • Mud
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Sharks/rays
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Live birth
  • No pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans)
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
IUCN Red List
  • Data deficient
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 310
Depth Range Min
  • 10
Depth Range Max
  • 900