Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Centrophorus granulosus, Gulper shark

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

snout short, thick
D1 angular, origin over inner edge pectoral
D spines short, D2 spine slightly larger
grey + white dots
around mouth dark
pectoral free rear tip pointed, reaches just past D1 spine

Centrophorus granulosus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

The gulper-shark

Snout short, thick, angular, distance before mouth < distance from mouth to pectoral fins; no nictitating eyelids; spiracles present, large, just behind eye; top teeth straight to slightly oblique, triangular, with narrow points, lower teeth larger, broader, with oblique narrowly triangular tips; five gill slits, all before pectoral fin; two dorsal fins with small grooved spines, spine of second dorsal is larger; first dorsal slightly larger than second dorsal, angular in shape, its origin just behind rear of pectoral base; both dorsals high and angular, with slightly convex rear margins; space between second dorsal fin origin and upper tail fin origin 6.1 to 8.0% of TL; free rear tips of pectorals long, extending past first dorsal fin spine; no anal fin; no ridges behind pelvic fins; tail base without keels; tail fin strongly asymmetrical, upper lobe with notch under tip, deep lower lobe, with a shallow notch above it; skin denticles on flank broad, rhomboidal, with flattened crowns, widely spaced and not overlapping.

Dark grey to grey-brown on top, with scattered white dots, lighter below; dark around mouth.

Size: 110 cm.

Habitat: outer continental shelve and slopes near the bottom.

Depth:50-1440 m.

Found on both sides of the Atlantic, the Mediterranean, W Indian Ocean and W Pacific.  Virginia to Suriname  

  


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Inshore
  • In & Offshore
  • Offshore
Water Column Position
  • Bottom + water column
  • Near Bottom
  • Bottom
Habitat
  • Water column
  • Sand & gravel
  • Mud
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Soft bottom only
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathydemersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Bony fishes
  • Insects
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Data
Egg Type
  • Data
  • No pelagic larva
  • Live birth
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans)
Regional Endemism
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • GC non-endemic
  • Continent
  • Island (s)
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Vulnerable
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 110
Depth Range Min
  • 50
Depth Range Max
  • 1440