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Species: Carcharhinus perezii, Caribbean reef shark

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

snout broad, round, short
D1 high, origin over/before pectoral free rear tip
D2 ~A
ridge between Ds
top teeth serrated, narrow, notched both sides
pectoral: black tip, dark under outer half
black: C lower lobe, tips pelvic & A

Carcharhinus perezii (Poey, 1876)

Caribbean reef shark

Body long and stout; eyes round, small, nictitating eyelids present; snout broadly rounded and short (< mouth width); nostrils with low triangular anterior nasal flap; teeth finely serrated, on top jaw with broad base and narrow points that are notched on each side of base, oblique (straight in the center), lower teeth with narrow straight points; no spiracles; gill slits short, last three over pectoral; no papillae; first dorsal moderately high, 10.3-11.3% of TL, front margin slightly convex, tip rounded, rear margin weakly concave, origin over or slightly before pectoral free rear tip; second dorsal small, about equal to anal, rear margin slightly concave, length of free rear tip slightly greater than height of that fin; origin of 2nd dorsal fin over anal fin origin; origin of pelvic fins distinctly behind 1st dorsal fin; anal fin with deeply notched rear margin; pectoral fins long, narrow, slightly angular; tail base without keel; a low ridge between dorsal fins; tail fin strongly asymmetrical, with well developed lower lobe, undulating ridge along dorsal surface of top lobe, and a notch under tip of that lobe.

Greyish brown to greyish olive on top, white to yellowish below; no white stripe along mid-flank; pectorals with black tips & outer half of undersides of fins; tips of anal and pelvic fins, and edge of lower tail lobe black.

Size: 249 cm.

Habitat: on reefs near bottom, around dropoffs, but also on hard and mud bottoms.

Depth: 0-65 m.

Florida to Brazil.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Mid Water
  • Near Bottom
  • Near Surface
  • Bottom
  • Water column
  • Reef and soft bottom
  • Rocks
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Corals
  • Mud
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Data
  • Carnivore
  • Bony fishes
  • Data
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Live birth
  • No pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Extends North of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Extends South of GC
  • Also in Brazil
  • Island (s)
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continent
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max (cm)
  • 249
Depth Range Min (m)
  • 0
Depth Range Max (m)
  • 65