Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Mustelus minicanis, Dwarf Smoothhound, Dwarf Smoothhound Shark

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

eye large, close set
snout short
flank: denticles elongate, 1 point
C almost no lower lobe
mouth wide
lip furrows: top ~ bottom
between nostrils - wide

Mustelus minicanis Heemstra, 1997

Dwarf Smoothhound, Dwarf Smoothhound Shark

Stout body; moderately flat on bottom, low pointed dermal ridge along top midline; head short, flattened on top, snout thin-tipped and not long, 6.1-7.3% of TL; eyes large, oval, close-set, 3.2-4.3% of TL, nictitating lower eyelid; spiracles small; space between nostrils broad, 2.7-3.1% of TL; mouth broad, 5.4-6.6% of TL; small low teeth in rows in a mosaic pattern, cutting edges blunt and rounded; labial furrows of upper and lower jaws about equal; 5 gill slits, last 2 above pectoral fin; first dorsal taller than second, entirely before pelvic, both with slightly rounded tip, deeply concave posterior margin and sharply pointed rear tip; anal fin under midpoint of second dorsal; pectoral fins moderately broad, posterior margin slightly concave; tail base compressed, no keel or pits; tail slightly raised above body, tip truncate, top lobe with subterminal notch, ventral lobe poorly developed; dermal denticles on flank elongate, single-pointed.

Grey on top, light below, young generally with dusky spots on dorsal fins and tip of tail fin.

Size: 57 cm.

Habitat: Bottom dwelling.

Depth: 71-183 m.

Southern Caribbean.

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  • Brackish
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom + water column
  • Near Bottom
  • Sand & gravel
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Water column
  • Estuary
  • Mud
FishBase Habitat
  • Demersal
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Live birth
  • No pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Greater Caribbean endemic
  • West Atlantic Endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Caribbean endemic
  • Continent
  • Continent only
  • GC endemic
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Endangered
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 57
Depth Range Min
  • 71
Depth Range Max
  • 183