Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Psenes pellucidus, Bluefin driftfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

oval (juvenile deep), soft, flabby
D (2 parts) 27-32; A 28-34; bases translucent
adult dark
juv: translucent + spots
top teeth small, cónical
bottom teeth: long knives

Psenes pellucidus Lütken, 1880

Bluefin driftfish

Body elongate, (juveniles deeper bodied) compressed, soft, flabby; snout blunt; eye moderate, with a fatty ring around it; operculum thin, with 2 short spines; mouth small, at front; top jaw teeth small, conical, in 1 row, wide spaced; adult lower jaw with long knife-like teeth, close-set; teeth on front and sides of roof of mouth, and base of gill arches, none on tongue; 2 scarcely separate dorsal fins, XI-XII + I, 27-32, spines shorter than rays, its origin before, or, in large specimens, over pectoral origin; anal fin II weak spines, 28-34; pectoral fins with oblique bases, short (lengthens with age), rounded, 18-20 rays; pelvic fins originate under pectoral base, attached to the abdomen, fold into a groove; tail fin forked, rounded tips; branched mucous canal system under thin skin along midline of flank; scales very small, 115-125 on lateral line, cover bases of median fins, on top of head in a narrow band, reach only to between eyes; lateral line high on body.

Adult: dark brown to purplish-black, dark blue eye, bases of median fins translucent; juvenile: translucent, with irregular brown spotting, dark 1st dorsal fin.

Size: 80 cm.

Habitat: oceanic, young around jellyfishes.

Depth: 0-1000 m.

Circumtropical; New York to the Gulf of Mexico.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Offshore
  • Offshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Mid Water
  • Near Surface
  • Surface
  • Water column only
Habitat
  • Water column
  • Flotsam
  • Jellyfish
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
  • Bathypelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Planktivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Bony fishes
  • Zooplankton
  • Pelagic fish larvae
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • Data
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans)
Regional Endemism
  • Extends North of GC
  • Island (s)
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Also in Brazil
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continent
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 80
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 1000