Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Psenes arafurensis, Banded Fat-head, Banded Driftfish, Banded Fathead Driftfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

oval, deep, firm
body no stripes
D (2 parts) 18-22; A 21-23; bases not translucent
adult dark
juv: silver, mottled/barred
top teeth small, cónical
bottom teeth: long knives

Psenes arafurensis Günther, 1889

Banded Fat-head, Banded Driftfish, Banded Fathead Driftfish

Body firm, oval, deep (depth > 40% of SL), more so in juveniles, compressed; eye large, usually with a fatty ring around it; operculum thin, with 2 short spines; mouth small, opens at front; top jaw teeth small, conical, in 1 row, wide spaced; adult lower jaw with long, knife-like teeth, close-set; teeth on front and sides of roof of mouth, and base of gill arches, none on tongue; 2 scarcely separate dorsal fins, X-XI + I-II, 18-22, its origin before, or, in large specimens, over pectoral origin; in adult pectoral fins long and wing-like, with oblique bases, somewhat pointed (short, rounded in juvenile), 18-20 rays; anal fin II weak spines, 21-23; pelvic fins originate under pectoral base, attached to the abdomen, fold into a groove; adult tail fin deeply forked, rounded tips in juvenile; branched mucous canal system under thin skin along midline of flank; scales small, 55-62 on lateral line, very thin, cover bases of median fins, on top of head in a narrow band, reach only to between eyes; lateral line high on body.

Adult uniform dark to black, bases of median fins not translucent; juvenile silvery to pale brown, with mottling or barring.

Size: 25 cm.

Habitat: oceanic.

Depth: 0-500 m?

Circumtropical; throughout our area.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Offshore
  • Offshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Mid Water
  • Near Surface
  • Surface
  • Water column only
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Bathypelagic
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
  • Bony fishes
  • Pelagic fish larvae
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • All species
  • Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans)
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Extends North of GC
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Island (s)
  • All species
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
IUCN Red List
  • Least concern
  • Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 25
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 500