Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Lepidocybium flavobrunneum, the escolar

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

body fusiform
eye large, oval
D1 VIII-IX, v low
4-6 finlets after D & A
tail base with 3 keels
mouth opens at front
pelvics well developed
1 sinuous LL

Lepidocybium flavobrunneum (Smith, 1843)


Elongate, fusiform, slightly compressed; head pointed; eye a large, vertical oval; mouth ~ horizontal, opens at front; teeth conical, curved, 1 row each jaw; 2 dorsal fins separated by a gap, 1st dorsal fin low, VIII-IX spines; 2nd dorsal fin shorter base, 16-18, behind that 4-5 finlets; anal fin I-II, 12-14, followed by 4-5 finlets; pelvic fins well developed, I, 5; tail fin forked; 1 long + 2 small keels on tail base; 1 lateral line, strongly sinuous path along body; scales very small, smooth.

Uniform grey-brown, larger fish black.

Size: 220 cm; IGFA world record 78,81 kg..

Habitat: oceanic pelagic.

Depth: 200-1316 m.

Circumtropical; Georges Bank to Suriname.

Note: Genetic analyses indicate that the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific forms probably are separate species.

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  • Marine
  • Marine Only
  • Offshore
  • Offshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Water column only
  • Mid Water
  • Near Surface
  • Surface
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
  • Bathypelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
  • Pelagic crustacea
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
  • Data
Global Endemism
  • Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans)
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • GC non-endemic
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Island (s)
  • Extends North of GC
  • Continent
  • Extends South of GC
  • Also in Brazil
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Not evaluated / Listed
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 220
Depth Range Min
  • 200
Depth Range Max
  • 1316