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Species: Barbulifer ceuthoecus, Atlantic bearded-goby

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barbels short, 1 below eye, 1 at rear mouth
dark + 2 alternating rows pale blotches

Barbulifer ceuthoecus (Jordan & Gilbert, 1884)

Atlantic bearded-goby

Body depressed; head robust, flattened above; barbels short (< ½ diameter of eye), 1 median barbel at snout tip; 1 barbel under eye; 1 barbel at rear outer face of mouth; 14-16 barbels under chin and lower jaw; front of tongue with 2 lobes; front nostril tubular, points forward, rear nostril tubular, points up; pores on head, including preopercle; gill opening small to a shallow S slit along base of pectoral; gill membranes broadly joined to body under throat, with 5 rays; dorsal fin VII + I, 9-11; length of 2nd dorsal base > distance from 2nd dorsal base to tail fin; I, 7-9 anal rays; 16-20 pectoral rays; pelvics fused into a disc; tail round; no scales; no lateral line.

Greenish brown to dark brown head and body; upper body with 4-6 short narrow whitish bars that do not extend to mid-side, below midside another series of pale bars alternating with upper series; throat & chest red, belly behind sucker orange; underside of head pale; pectoral yellowish with brown basal bar; tail fin with broad dark bar at its base.

Size: 3 cm.

Habitat: silty rocks and in macroalgae in seagrass beds.

Depth: 0-5 m.

Florida to Brazil; appears to have migrated through the Panama Canal to the Pacific coast.

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  • Brackish
  • Freshwater
  • Marine
  • Inshore
  • Inshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Bottom
  • Bottom only
  • Rocks
  • Freshwater
  • Reef (rock/coral/oyster)
  • Estuary
  • Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom)
  • Submerged vegetation
  • Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
  • Reef and soft bottom
FishBase Habitat
  • Reef Associated
Feeding Group
  • Planktivore
  • Data
  • Data
  • Zooplankton
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Benthic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • West Atlantic Endemic
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • All species.
Regional Endemism
  • All species..
  • Continent
  • GC non-endemic
  • Extends South of GC
  • Also in Brazil
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Island (s)
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 3
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 5