Species: Pristis pristis, Largetooth sawfish
Pristis pristis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Body depressed at front, shark-like; head, pectorals and front of body in a large diamond shaped disc, ending in an elongate, flattened snout equipped with a row of 17-20 large, flattened teeth along each side; eyes and spiracles on top of head; mouth wide, underneath; gills under head; 2 large, shark-like, widely separated dorsal fins, origin of first dorsal fin well before pelvic fin origin; pectorals triangular, attached to rear of head; no anal fin; tail large, stout, fin broad, with a small lower lobe; body covered with flat denticles.
Dark grey to golden brown, whitish on ventral surface; specimens in freshwater are pale grey.
Grows to about 656 cm and estimated weight of 590 kg.
Inhabits shallow bays and estuaries, also entering rivers.
Depth: 1-26 m.
Probably only found in the east and west Atlantic; the Gulf of Mexico to Brazil.
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- Inshore Only
- Water Column Position
- Bottom only
- Soft bottom (mud/sand/gravel/beach/estuary/mangrove/seagrass)
- Soft bottom only
- Sand & gravel
- FishBase Habitat
- Feeding Group
- Bony fishes
- Mobile benthic crustacea (shrimps/crabs)
- Mobile benthic gastropods/bivalves
- Egg Type
- No pelagic phase
- Live birth
- No pelagic larva
- Global Endemism
- Transatlantic (East+West Atlantic)
- Greater Caribbean non-endemic
- Regional Endemism
- GC non-endemic
- Island (s)
- Continental primarily
- Continent + Island (s)
- Also in Brazil
- Extends South of GC
- Climate Zone
- Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
- Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
- Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
- IUCN Red List
- Critically endangered
- Appendix I
- Length Max
- Depth Range Min
- Depth Range Max