Shorefishes of the Greater Caribbean online information system

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Species: Coryphaena hippurus, Common dolphinfish, the dolphinfish

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

body height < 25%
Juv: C tips white; pelvic black
tongue tooth patch small, oval
pectoral > 1/2 head
A: front margin concave

Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus, 1758

Common dolphinfish, Dolphinfish

Elongate compressed body; maximum height <¼ of SL; adult males with a bony crest on the forehead, and a near-vertical front snout profile; mouth large; numerous small teeth in bands on jaws; patch of teeth on tongue small and oval; dorsal and anal fins without spines; a long-based dorsal fin 55-65 rays extending from the nape almost to the tail fin; a long-based anal fin with concave anterior outer edge, extending nearly to the tail fin; no isolated finlets behind the dorsal or anal fins; pectoral fins ~>½ head length; pelvics short, fitting into groove on the belly; a large, deeply forked tail fin; small smooth scales; no hard spiny scales (scutes) on lateral line; lateral line with a sharp curve over pectorals.

Back brilliant metallic blue green, shading to golden yellow ventrally, with scattered iridescent blue-green spots; dorsal fin deep blue green; tail, anal, and pelvic fins mainly yellow; small juveniles golden with about 12 dark bars on side; tail has white tips; pelvics black.

Size: attains 230 cm and 39.6 kg.

Habitat: pelagic in coastal and oceanic waters.

Depth: 0 -255 m.

Circumtropical; New Foundland to Brazil.

  


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Offshore
  • In & Offshore
  • Inshore
Water Column Position
  • Near Surface
  • Surface
  • Water column only
  • Mid Water
Habitat
  • Flotsam
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Data
Diet
  • Octopus/squid/cuttlefish
  • Pelagic crustacea
  • Bony fishes
Egg Type
  • Data
  • Pelagic
  • Pelagic larva
Global Endemism
  • Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans)
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
Regional Endemism
  • Extends South of GC
  • Continent
  • GC non-endemic
  • Also in Brazil
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Extends North of GC
  • Island (s)
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 230
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 255