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Species: Remora brachyptera, Spearfish Remora

All Families:   All Genera:   All Species:

head: sucker reaches mid-pectoral, 14-17 plates
body robust
D 27-34
C slightly concave
gill rakers 14-17
pectoral rounded, tip flexible
pelvics broadly joined to body

Remora brachyptera (Lowe, 1839)

Spearfish remora

Body elongate, robust; dorsal and anal bases < 2x head length; head disc short (27-40% of SL), reaches ~ middle of pectorals, 14-17 plates, its tiny spines pointed, in 2-3 irregular rows; jaws broad, lower jaw projecting, top jaw not protractile; simple teeth on jaws and center of roof of mouth; operculum without spines; gill rakers 14-17, 12-14 lower rakers; pectoral broad, blunt 23-27 rays, outer 2/3 of fin flexible; dorsal and anal bases similar length, notably longer than head; dorsal 27-34 rays; anal 23-27 rays;pectorals rounded, high on body, outer 2/3 fin flexible;  pelvics pointed, under pectoral base, close-set, I, 5, broadly attached to belly; tail slightly concave (forked in juvenile); scales small, smooth, imbedded.

Overall brown.

Size: 40 cm.

Habitat: oceanic, hosts are billfishes.

Depth: 0 - 100 m?

Circumtropical; New Foundland to Brazil.


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Salinity
  • Marine
  • Marine Only
Inshore/Offshore
  • Offshore
  • Offshore Only
Water Column Position
  • Mid Water
  • Near Surface
  • Water column only
Habitat
  • Large fishes (billfishes, rays, sharks, etc), turtles & whales
  • Water column
FishBase Habitat
  • Pelagic
Feeding Group
  • Carnivore
  • Planktivore
  • Ectoparasite cleaner
  • Data
Diet
  • Data
  • Bony fishes
  • Zooplankton
  • Ectoparasites
Egg Type
  • Pelagic larva
  • Data
  • Pelagic
Global Endemism
  • Greater Caribbean non-endemic
  • All species.
  • Circumtropical ( Indian + Pacific + Atlantic Oceans)
Regional Endemism
  • Also in Brazil
  • All species..
  • Extends N + S of GC
  • Continent + Island (s)
  • Continent
  • Extends North of GC
  • Island (s)
  • Extends South of GC
  • GC non-endemic
Residency
  • Resident
Climate Zone
  • Equatorial (0-10N, Costa Rica / Venezuela)
  • Tropical (10-23N, Nicaragua / Cuba)
  • Temperate (>35N)
  • Subtropical (23-35N, Florida / Carolinas / Bermuda)
IUCN Red List
  • Listed
  • Least concern
CITES
  • Not listed
Length Max
  • 40
Depth Range Min
  • 0
Depth Range Max
  • 100